The European Commission works with EU countries to strengthen ‘key competences’ – knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will help learners find personal fulfilment and, later in life, find work and take part in society. These key competences include ‘traditional’ skills such as communication in one’s mother tongue, foreign languages, digital skills, literacy, and basic skills in maths and science, as well as horizontal skills such as learning to learn, social and civic responsibility, initiative and entrepreneurship, cultural awareness, and creativity.

The approach is to promote key competences by:

  • providing high-quality learning for all students based on relevant curricula
  • reducing early school-leaving
  • increasing early childhood education
  • improving support for teachers, school leaders, and teacher educators

What has been done so far

  • EU legislation establishing the European framework of key competences link outside the EC domain
  • Improving competences for the 21st century: agenda for European cooperation on schoolslink outside the EC domain
  • The European Commission supports a European network on the development of Key Competences in schoolslink outside the EC domain
  • A summary of the policy conclusions of the Commission’s expert group on key competences

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